Presently, the cannabidiol industry has been seen as one of the quickest progressing industries in the health and wellness sector. Though this industry has expanded exponentially in the past few years, people had been using cannabinoid for a thousand years.
In India, there is a lot of description of CBD in the sacred Vedas. It was documented for its amazing healing properties. In this article, we will learn more about the history and evolution of CBD.
When did CBD hit the Europe market?
Hemp and cannabis entered into the European market in 1500BC. It was brought to France, Greece, and Germany. In the fifth century BC the Scythians, a group of Iranian Eurasian nomads, carried hemp and cannabis to Northern Europe.
Herodotus wrote the way the Scythians used this plant for its potent psychoactive properties by throwing CBD seeds on hot stones and inhaling its smoke.
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Expansion of CBD in the East
With the expansion of the Roman Empire to the East, they came across hemp. In the 1st century AD, Pedanius Dioscorides, a Greek physician studied several plants and published De Materia Medica in 70 AD. This article included details pertaining to female and male cannabis plants.
As countries nations such as Spain, England, and Italy worked towards expansion of their colonies, hemp replaced flax sails. It was strange and interesting to know that the South African Journal of Science, mentioned that William Shakespeare consumed marijuana or hemp.
It reviewed various samples of residues obtained from tobacco pipes present in the home town of Shakespeare during his lifetime. Various different kinds of pipes were seen in the garden of this legendary writer.
What types of benefits of CBD were known by people of that time?
While European CBD plant exhibited low amounts of THC, it was still in the form of medicine to treat a variety of ailments in the sixteenth century. In 1538, William Turner appreciated the healing abilities of the CBD plant in “A New Herball”.
In the sixteenth century, Pietro Andrea, an Italian botanist, also mentioned about the therapeutic effects of this herb. In 1649, an English herbalist, Nicholas Culpeper described how the CBD plant and its parts such as roots, and seeds were used for the treatment of a wide range of conditions such as parasites, colic, gout, flatulence, and jaundice.
How Hemp and Cannabis Reached the New World?
The hemp plant was extensively grown in Britain by the seventeenth century. So, British colonists carried this valuable plant with them to the Americas. In 1619, in a Virginia Assembly conducted in London, dictated all Virginia colonists to cultivate flax and hemp.
Hemp was used in the cure of medical conditions in the eighteenth century in colonial America. In the year 1753, Carl Linnaeus renamed CBD weed as ‘Cannabis Sativa.’
Thus, CBD has a rich history of its use. Due to its quick growth, it has become very easy to buy it online, and from well-known local stores and over the counter too.